The design of living spaces has always been centered around family as a basic unit. Yet in Japan, the contemporary society has witnessed increasingly late marriages, ageism and a trend in single living. Typical residential developments are unequipped to address this societal shift and further lead to an aggressive separation between individuals, exacerbating the rise of lonely living and dying.
This thesis redefines co-living for individuals in Tokyo in response to the emerging needs for single living. Looking through the prism of the functionless space, how may the absence of predefined rooms add more to both the personal and the collective experience? Drawing inspiration from Shinohara’s wasteful space and Ito’s idea of flow in their design of homes, this project questions the productiveness of modern obsessions in functionally determined space. Through the introduction of a negotiable blank that inserts itself between public and private, the experience of living is enriched by moments of encounter. Such space may not only formulate relationships among individuals, it enables one to discover new lifestyles. By surrendering parts of their private space, individuals may in turn gain more through choreographing experiences beyond their enclosed territories.
In order to replicate existing building programs without adding more square footage, this projects investigates in section to reshape the way individuals live. Rather than surrendering spatial flexibility to confining slabs, a new section allows for a continuous space that moderates privacy through changing levels. Investigating across 3 scales, the townhouse, the house, and the apartment, can the design of the functionless address the changing needs of individual living?