Rafael Marengoni


Extrametropolis: Urban Design Across the Scales of the Paulista Metropolis

Advised by Rahul Mehrotra, Renee Tapp, and Gabriel Kozlowski

Extrametropolis is a multiscalar investigation of the agency of urban design in integrating urban form to transportation and infrastructure. It attempts to envision an alternative future for development frameworks for cities in the State of São Paulo.

São Paulo is a victim of its own success. It consistently has outgrown its urban capacity and infrastructure—from village to city, city to metropolis, and metropolis to region over the past 200 years. By doing so, it faces environmental, social, and economic struggles that are extrapolated by its own scale. The growth logic of other major cities in the state echo São Paulo’s formula of expansion and continue to develop, perpetuating this model and extrapolating the accumulation of negative externalities that come with uncontrolled growth at a regional scale.

Extrametropolis seeks to challenge the growth logic in São Paulo, laying out the agency urban design can have in structuring the intersections between infrastructure, urban form, and transportation to allow for new and viable futures. It builds on the ongoing context of a State Regional Rail project (Trem Intercidades) that seeks to integrate São Paulo’s main cities through seamless rails. It sets Campinas, São Paulo, as a pilot project for a new multiscalar design framework that attempts to address the socioeconomic and environmental challenges uncontrolled growth has created. This strategy, showcased in Campinas, could be reproduced in other cities along the entire regional rail network, throughout an area that is home to over 30 million people.

Rafael Marengoni, MAUD. A darkly colored map of São Paulo with the word "extrametropolis" printed on it. Several lines emanate from the center of São Paulo.
Rafael Marengoni, MAUD. Axonometric view of the Station Surrounding Proposal, highlighting the three main strategies at this scale: connect, infill and reuse. These strategies would seek to integrate the High-Speed-Rail Station to existing facilities.
Rafael Marengoni, MAUD. Section of the Station portion of the proposal. Here we see how the three main strategies play out: infill density creating contextually adaptive urban fabric, reuse of heritage buildings as reactivated new facilities, and programmatic connections between old and new amenities.
Rafael Marengoni, MAUD. Diagram of the Structural Corridor Strategy. The two main strategies highlighted are density and mobility. The diagram shows how along these corridors, BRT stations would attract developable density, integrating density to mobility infrastructure.
Rafael Marengoni, MAUD. Masterplan showing the Structural Corridors Proposed alongside the Station Surrounding Proposal. Here we see 4 main corridors stemming from the High-Speed-Rail site to Northwest, Northeast, South and East through BRT connections.
Rafael Marengoni, MAUD. Macrometropolitan Strategy. Here we see a map of the Sao Paulo Macrometropolis, with its largest municipalities highlighted as potential sites for Station Surrounding Interventions connected to Structural Corridors, adaptive to each unique context. The interventions coincide with the Macrometropolitan High-Speed-Rail line seen on the map, and the cities’ municipal boundaries are highlighted.