Situated primarily on a swampy coastal plain along the Java Sea, Jakarta is natu-rally vulnerable to flooding. Global sea level rise and land subsidence put Jakarta further at risk as its complex flood mitigation system fails to address the additional burden. While an upgrade is direly needed for Jakarta to control water, the imple-mentation of such plans would mandate a total reorganization of the existing urban realm—one that is rarely ever a blank slate.
“Kampung” has many different meanings. But for this thesis, the term describes an area of irregular and unplanned urban settlements found in Jakarta. As a community, a Kampung thrives on its proximity next to the water and close to the ground. However, its location is precisely the root of its problems. The river normalization efforts threaten the very existence of Kampung as both an urban form and as an Indonesian cultural artifact. Many families were uprooted and moved to the suburban fringe plots in sterile architectural towers, normalizing the vibrancy of their daily lives. This thesis investigates the Jakarta Kampung through an architectural lens that wishes to portray floodings as positives—specifically interested in how the vitality of this community and flooding of events can be retained in situ with water. Architecture becomes the middling agent between infrastructure and individual efforts that promises a new future for Kampung as it remains in place and anticipates its growth in the future.