Carlee Griffeth


Charging America: Car Access and Incentive in a Decarbonized Future

Advised by Carole Turley Voulgaris

Throughout the 20th century, the US invested heavily in a national highway network and sprawling inequitable and unsafe communities that prioritize cars over people. Today, as we rush to find solutions to tackle the climate crisis, electric vehicles (EVs) should be a compliment to the decarbonization puzzle, not the primary solution. While safer, more equitable modes of decarbonized transportation must be a priority, such modes are not possible everywhere. For some, EVs may be the best solution for addressing the climate crisis. This thesis analyzes where and how the public and private sectors have developed EV charging stations to date. As the new Biden administration and the private sector prepare for rapid development of EV infrastructure, understanding current patterns of development can inform future decisions to ensure EV infrastructure is prioritized for areas that lack alternative modes rather than continue to incentivize a culture of cars over people.

Bar graphs comparing the numbers of electric vehicles and charging stations today, with projections for the year 2030. Stock today 1-million electric vehicles; In 2030, 15-million. Stock today four hundred forty seven thousand electric charging stations; In 2030, five hundred thousand.